Fungus gnats are small flies that live in the soil of your indoor plant and fly around your houseplant. The unfortunate nature is these tiny insects feed on plants outside so finding plants inside our homes will attract them. The type of pests you have can depend on the houseplant you grow; however, the good news is you can get rid of them.
First you must identify what type of pests you are having troubles with. Most common pests are small black flies called fungus gnats which are often mistaken for fruit flies. The differences here are fungus gnats live in plants such as succulents that have moist soil whereas fruit flies live near fruit particularly decaying fruit. These can be damaging for your plant as they lay eggs in the soil of your plant.
1. Add dry soil or water less
As the majority of fungus gnats flies enjoy living in moist soil, adding a thick level of dry soil on the top of the houseplants bedding will allows the soil underneath to dry out naturally, driving the fungus gnats away. It must be noted that although you may drive away the flies, leaving your houseplant without water for a period can damage it. Cacti as an example will be able to withstand dry soil but other indoor plant species may not.
Another option is watering less often. As fungus gnats need a damp compost to survive, watering the plant less and allow the soil to become dry out in between watering will create uncomfortable living conditions, driving the fungus gnats away.
2. Insert Gravel Mulch
The majority of composts have been sterilised, which is great news as they will not contain fungus gnats’ larvae. Happy Houseplants recommends that you cover the top layer of compost with a thin layer of gravel mulch or pebbles. We recommend this because it will prevent flies from laying eggs in your houseplant.
3. Consider Sticky Traps
Using fly sticky traps can help by trapping the adult fungus gnats, preventing them from laying eggs and breaking the lifecycle. Hang the sticky trap on or near your affected houseplant and ensure it is on soil level. You can purchase fly sticky tape online or make your own. Using a card, yellow highlighter, wooden stick, and Vaseline, highlight the stick which will attract the flies and the Vaseline will trap the fungus gnats, breaking their lifecycle.
4. Insecticidal Soap/Spray
If you are having no luck removing pests with the above methods, a common solution is using insecticidal soap or spray also known as horticultural soap. You can make the soap yourself or you have purchase options online or at your local garden centre. Once you have your horticultural soap, simply apply, or spray the houseplant leaves and around the plant later in the day once the sun is down to avoid your houseplant becoming sunburnt. This should help deter those pests.
5. Use Neem Oil
One of the most effective and natural ways to remove pests, especially fungus gnats, consider using neem oil. Happy Houseplants always recommends natural remedies and neem oil from the neem tree is a great option for getting rid of pests. Simply dilute the oil with water to create a solution, and water your plant and even spray the leaves of your houseplant too. Tip – When trying to eliminate whiteflies, spray the solution underneath of the leaves.
6. Repot your Houseplants
If all else fails or the sticky traps are trapping loads of insects, the best cause of action is sanitising your plant by removing contaminated soil that has many eggs embedded in the soil and repotting your houseplant in new and fresh soil without disturbing the roots. We have a guide on repotting your houseplant for further guidance.
You have successfully taken the necessary steps to get rid of houseplant flies, congratulations! Removing these critters is a great step to increase the lifespan of our beloved houseplants.
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